FASST - Formazione per l'Agricoltura Sociale
 e Sviluppo Territoriale

Building capacity in Social Farming


SF6_EN  

 Title
Building capacity in Social Farming

 Keywords
Building capacity in Social Farming

 Author
Huertum

 Languages
English

 Objectives/goals
Social Agriculture is a tool with which you can reach the multiple sectors of society, being able to adapt to each of them to achieve particular objectives.


 Contents in bullet points
1. Module name : Building Capacity of Social Farming 1.1. Unit name: The Social Farming 1.1.1. Section Name: Social Farming. 1.1.1.1. Contents: Social Farming, What is? Social Farming Across Borders Urban Agriculture Types of Urban Orchard 1.1.2. Section Name: Adapting agriculture to urban spaces. 1.1.2.1. Contents: Farming techniques Extensive Agriculture Furrows and ridges Intensive farming terraces AKA “parades en crestall” Square meter tech. intensive farming Spiral shaped herbals field Culture vessels 1.1.3. Section Name: Social and Ecological Farming 1.1.3.1. Contents: Goals and Limitations Solutions Desing Farming rotation Ficht against plages and crop diseases


 Contents


 Building capacity in Social Farming

SOCIAL FARMING


  What is Social Farming?

Social Farming is a step forward in agriculture as it is developed specially in cities. It offers a broad line of benefits by connecting people and improving their lifestyle  

Social Farming offers people who avail of a range of services including mental health, learning/intellectual disability, and other aspects of care supports or social discrimination to engage and contribute by choice in the farming and social activities. (Social Farming Handbook, SoFAB).



  Social Farming Across Borders

The SoFAB proyect:
 

  • Raised awareness in social farming.
  • Stimulated an interest among families, health and social care services, voluntary organisations and potential users of services.



  Urban Agriculture

Urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA) can be defined as the growing of plants and the raising of animals within and around cities. (FAO) 



  Types of Urban Orchard



Adapting agriculture to urban spaces


  Extensive agriculture

 Not feasible for urban agriculture



  Furrows and ridges

This traditional technique consist on elevating the soil in linemarks and planting on top, furrows, letting the lower part, ridges, as sidewalks.



  Furrows and ridges

Advantages:

  • Greater production.

Disadvantages:

  • Disorder in the crops.
  • Harder to work


  Parades en Crestall

It´s the Gaspar Caballero´s Methot

Charasteristics:
 

  •  Dimensions 
  •  Central Corridor with aromatical plants and flowers
  •  2 cm of compost without mixing with the soil

Advantages:

  •  Crop diversity
  •  Easy to work within spaces

Inconvenientes:

  •  Production is not as high as in extensive farming
     


  Squared meter technique

Created by Mel Bartolomew

Charasteristics:

  •  Dimensions: parcels of 30x30cm 
  •  Crops are planted according to their space and watering needs

Advantages:

  •  Easy to design
  • Great production of some crops

Disadvantages:

  • Overproduction in short seasons


  Elevated terraces

Benefits:

  • Improves soil conditions.
  • Makes it easy to work.
  • Soil less compacted as nobody steps in


  Culture vessels

It´s a great way to obtain farming space in places where there is no soil.

We can re-use a lot of thins as culture vessel.



  Herbal Spiral

Herbal plants enrich our soil and kitchens. We can concentrate a lot of herbal plants in a very small space by following the spiral shape.

Structure:

  • Rainfed plants in the upper side
  • Regular humidity and moderate heat in the middle side
  • Plants demanding higher humidity are allocated in the lower side



Social and Ecological Farming


  Objetives and Limitations



  Space – SOLUTION – Desing

Associating crops in the most favorable way depeding on:

  • Space 
  • Nutrients required
  • Light and other resources



  Depletion of nutrients – SOLUTION – Crops rotation

This three elements are basic in plant´s growth, so it is important their concentration in the soil we want to plant. 

Following the crop rotation system, we ensure that nutrients remain in the soil and proliferate in a natural way. 



  Plages and crop diseases – SOLUTION – Organic products

With all of those 3 ingredients we can keep our garden free of plages due to the support they provide to other plants, stenghtening them. 

 



 Results

• Show that urban agriculture is possible. • Know the options when setting up an urban garden. • Provide the necessary knowledge to develop an urban garden. • Learn to take care of it throughout its development, always with ecological techniques and materials.

 Bibliography

“Hortelanos de Ciudad” Ester Casanovas
Youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCcY52Ox77a3b5aNc7SFHYnQ


 Training Fiche PPT:
Building_Capacity_in_Social_Farming.odp